What it Means to Be Happy

If there’s something that we all have in common as humans, it’s our search for happiness. We go above and beyond to make sure we reach that point where we can finally say that we’re happy. But in most cases, we do not even know what that even means. There is a common misconception that…

Perceptions as Representations

Sense-perception has always been an interest of the philosophers. A prominent problem is the problem of perception, which is created by the ideas of illusion and hallucination: if it is possible to have this sort of error, how can perception be what we understand it to be? When we reflect on the causal facts of…

The Basis of Political Equality

According to Bernard Williams, political equality can be addressed in two aspects, in terms of factuality and in terms of principles. The statement of fact is whether human beings are in fact equal, regardless of the circumstances. On the other hand, the statement of principles states that people should be treated equally. However, it is…

The Problem of Indifference in Relationships

What does it take to create a life of tranquility? Epictetus, being a Stoic philosopher, believes that a mix of rationality and freedom of control is required. The main principle in Stoicism is that man shares the common rationality of the divine and suggests that the virtuous live in harmony with reason that governs their…

Tragic Pleasure

Consider one of the most classical and famous tragic plays written by Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, where two star-crossed lovers fought against all odds to protect their love from a family feud. They faced numerous obstacles, struggled immensely, and loved each other so much that they actually sacrificed themselves for this love… Why do we…

What it Means To Truly Exist

Sartre, a French philosopher, tackles the issue of human freedom using the notion Bad Faith. Can we exist outside of the societal norms we have adopted?